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LIST 2: Hispanismos or Spanish words used in the Capampangan language of Pampanga province in Central Luzon, Northern Philippines:

By Alejandro S. Camiling, CPA with Teresita Z. Camiling, BSE, MA


Capampangan/Spanish--------->English : 


A, a (a) - the first letter of the Spanish alphabet 

abanico - fan
abogacia - law, the legal profession
abogado - lawyer, attorney
abono - fertilizer, manure
abrazo - embrace, hug
Abril - April
abuso - abuse, imposition
acacia - locust tree
academia - academy
accion - action
aceite - olive oil
acetona - acetone
acordeon - accordion
actividad - activity
activista - activity 
activo - active
adelantado - advanced, precocious
adios - good bye
adjetivo - adjective 
administracion - administration
administrador - administrator
adobe - adobe
adorable - adorable
adoracion - adoration
adorador - worshipper
afeccion - affection
agencia - agency
agente - agent
alambre - wire
album - album
alcalde - mayor, justice of the peace
alcancia - child's bank
alcohol - alcohol
aldaba - cross-bar, door knocker
alergia - allergy 
alianza - alliance
almirez - brass mortar 
almorranas - hemorrhoids
altar - altar
alza - rise
amazona - amazon
ambos - both together
ambulancia - ambulance
amenidad - amenity 
amiba - amoeba
amigo - friend 
amo - boss 
amor - love
anatomia - anatomy
anastesia - anesthesia
andas - portable platform used in processions
angel - angel
angulo - angle 
animal - animal
animo - mind, spirit, courage, energy
anis - anise
aniversario - anniversary
anomalia - anomaly
antena - antenna
antibiotico - antibiotic
anticipo - advance payment, down payment
antiguo - old, ancient, antique
anuncio - announcement, advertisement
aparador - showcase 
aparato - apparatus
apellido - surname, last name 
apendicitis - appendicitis
apostol - apostle
apoyo - support, prop, patronage
apretado - risky, urgent
apurado - hurried, rushed
archivo - archives, file 
arco - arch 
aristocracia - aristocracy
aristocrata - aristocrat
arma - arm, weapon
armada - fleet, armada, navy
armado - armed
aroma - aroma , fragrance
arpa - harp
arras - earnest money, pledge, dowry
arreglo - settlement, compromise
arresto - arrest
articulo - article, item
artificial - artificial
artilleria - artillery
artista - artist
artritis - arthritis 
arzobispo - archbishop
asado - roasted
asfalto - asphalt
asiatico - Asiatic, Asian 
asociacion - association
aspirina - aspirin
astrologia - astrology
atomico - atomic
atencion - attention 
atras - back, behind
atrasado - late, in arrears, backward, slow
atraso - tardiness, delay, backwardness
Agosto - August
aumento - increase, promotion
autentico - authentic
auto - auto 
autopsia - autopsy
autoridad - authority
avenida - avenue 
averia - damage, defect
averno - hell
aviso - warning
ayuda - valet 
ayudante - adjutant
azalea - azalea
azogue - mercury
azotea - flat roof
azucar - sugar
azucena - white lily
azul - blue


 B, b (be) - The second letter of the Spanish alphabet 

bacteria - bacteria
bagaje - baggage
bagazo - bagasse
bala - bullet
balance - equilibrium, oscillation 
balanza - scale
balcon - balcony 
balde - bucket, pail 
baldosa - pavement, tile flooring
balota - ballot
balsa - raft, barge
balsamo - balsam, balm
banal - banal, trivial
banco - bench
banda - band
bandeja - tray
bandera - banner, flag, standard
bandido - bandit, outlaw
banjo - banjo
bano - bathroom
banquero - card dealer, banker 
banquete - banquet 
banera - bathtub
baraja - pack of cards
barandilla - railing
barata - barter
baratillo - bargain sale
barbaro - barbarous, savage
barberia - barber shop
barco - boat
barnis - varnish
barranca - ravine, gorge
barrena - drill, borer
barrera - barrier, barricade, fence
barrio - district, suburb
base - basis
basilica - basilica
bastante - sufficient, enough
bastardo - bastard
basura - trash
basurero - garbage collector
bata - robe, housecoat
batallon - battalion
bateria - battery
batuta - baton
baul - trunk
bautista - baptizer
bayoneta - bayoney
bazar - bazaar
benefactor - benefactor
beneficio - benefit
bicicleta - bicycle
bigote - mustache
bisagra - hinge
blanco - white, blank
blusa - blouse
bobo - foolish, silly
bocina - horn, trumpet
boda - wedding, nuptials
bohemio - bohemian---
bola - ball
bolero - liar, deceitful
bolsa - pouch
bomba - bomb, pump
bombero - fireman
bonanza - bonanza, fair weather
bonete - bonnet, cap
borrador - rough draft, sketch
bote - jar
botella - bottle
botica - drugstore
brazo - arm
brigada - brigade
brillante - brilliant, diamond

C, c (se) - The third letter of the Spanish alphabet

caballero - gentleman, nobleman, knight
caballo - horse
cabaret - cabaret, nightclub
cabecera - heading, capital of a province
cabeza - head, chief, leader
cabo - corporal
caca - feces, filth, dirt
cacerola - caserole, saucepan
cadena - chain
cadete - cadet
café - coffee
cafetera - coffee pot
cafeteria - cafeteria, coffee shop
caja - case, chest, safe
cajero - cashier
cajon - box, box, case
caldera - boiler
calendario - calendar
calesa - chaise
calidad - quality 
calma - composure
calzada - paved highway
calle- street
callo - corn, callus
cama - bed, couch
camada - layer
camara - chamber
camaron - shrimp
cambio - change, gear shift, transmission
camino - road, highway
camisa - shirt, chemise
camiseta - undershirt, T-shirt
camisola - raffled shirt
camison - long shirt, nightgown, nightshirt
campamento - encampment, camp
campanario - bellfry, bell tower
campanero - bell ringer
campanilla - small bell, hand bell
campana - campaign
campeon - champion
camposanto - cemetery
canal - channel, natural underground waterway
cancer - cancer
candela - candela
candelero - candlestick
candidato - candidate
cantidad - quantity
cantina - canteen
canto - edge, end
cantor - singer
capa - cape, cloak
capataz - foreman, superintendent, overseer
capilla - chapel
capital - capital 
capitalismo - capitalism, captialist 
capitan - captain
capitana - flagship
capitolio - capitol
caqui - khaki
cara - face, front, façade
caramba - darn it!
carambola - by chance 
caramelo - caramel, candy
caratula - title page
caravana - caravan
carbon - carbon, filament 
carbonato - carbonate
carburo - carbide
carcel - jail
cardenal - cardinal
cardinal - principal, fundamental
cardiologia - cardiology
carga - load, freight
cargadero - loading station or platform
cargado - loaded
cargador - loader, stevedore, porter
cargamento - cargo 
cargo - weight, burden, charge, job
cari - curry
caricatura - caricature, cartoon
caricaturista - caricaturist, cartoonist
caricia - caress 
caridad - charity 
carino - affection
carisma - charisma
carminitivo - carminative 
carnal - carnal, sensual, fleshy
carnaval - carnival
carne - meat, flesh
carniceria - meat store
carnicerio - butcher 
carnivoro - carnivorous
carpa - carp
carpeta - table cover
carpinteria - carpentry 
carpintero - carpenter
carrera - race
carreta - narrow cart, wagon
carretada - cartload
carretero - wagoner, carter
caratilla - wheelbarrow
carreton - cart
carril - cartway
carro - car, railway car, street car, wagon
carroceria - carriage shop
carromato - a long, narrow covered cart with two wheels
carroza - carriage of state, funeral car, parade float
carruaje - carriage, coach, vehicle
carta - letter, playing card
cartel - poster, placard
cartera - portfolio
cartero - postman
cartilago - cartilage
cartilla - primer, passbook
cartografia - cartography
carton - carton, cardboard
cartonero - cardboard vendor
cartulina - fine, stiff pasteboard or cardboard
casa - house, dwelling, home
casado - married
casamiento - marriage, wedding
casera - landlady
casero - landlord, caretaker
caseta - small house, cottage
casete - cassette
casino - casino, club
caso - case, event
castana - chestnut
castaneta - castanet, snapping of the fingers
castano - chestnut tree, wood or color
castellano - Castilian, Spanish 
castidad - chastity, virginity
castigo - punishment, chastisement
castillo - castle
castrado - castrated
casual - casual, fortuitous
catalogo - catalogue
catarata - cataract
catastrofe - catastrophe 
catecismo - catechism
catedral - cathedral
categoria - category, rank, class
cateter - catheter
catolicismo - Catholicism
catolico - Catholic
catorse - fourteen, fourteenth (in dates)
catre - field cot
caucion - warning, foresight
causa - cause, lawsuit
cavado - hollowed
caviar - caviar
cedula - certificate, permit, identification paper
celda - cell
celebracion - celebration
celebrante - celebrant
celebridad - celebrity, fame
celofana - cellophane
celoso - zealous, jealous, suspicious
cementerio - cemetery, graveyard
cemento - cement
cena - supper, evening meal
cenefa - border, edging, trim
censo - census
centavo - hundreth
centanada - by hundreds
centenario - centennial
centisimo - centisimal
centigrado - centigrade
centimo - hundreth
central - central; main office; headquarters
centrifugo - centrifugal
centro - center; middle
centuria - century
centurio - centurium
centurion - centurion
cepillo - brush
cepo - branch
ceremonia - ceremony
ceremonial - ceremonial
cereza - cherry
cerrado - closed
certificacion - certification
certificado - certified; registered
cerveceria - brewery
cerveza - beer
cesante - dismissed employee
cesta - basket
cielo - sky; heaven 
ciencia - science
cientifico - scientific
ciento - hundred
cigarillo - cigarette
cimiento - foundation; basis
cinematografia - cinematography
cintura - waist
cinturon - safety belt
circulacion - circulation
circulo - circle; club
circunferecia - circumference
ciudad - city
civil - civil 
clara - white (of a egg)
claridad - clarity
clarinete - clarinet
claro - clear; transparent
clase - class; category
clasico - classic; classical
clemencia - clemency
cliente - client
clima - climate
clinico - clinical; clinician
cobra - cobra
cocina - kitchen
coche - coach; carriage
cochero - coach man; cab driver
codigo - code
coleccion - collection
colecta - collect; money collected
colector - collector
colegio - college
colera - cholera
colesterol - cholesterol
colgante - hanging; suspension bridge
colision - collision; clash
colonia - colony
color - color
colosal - colossal
columna - column
columnista - columnist
comadre - name used by child's mother and godmother
comadrona - midwife
comando - command
comatoso - comatose
combinacion - combination
combustion - combustion
comedia - comedy
comediante - comedian
comedor - dining room
comentador - commentator
comentarista - commentator
comento - comment
comercial - commercial
comerciante - merchant; trader
cometa - comet
comico - comic; comical
comida - food; eating; dinner
comisaria - commissary
comisario - commissioner
comision - commission
comisionado - commissioned
comite - committee
compacto - compact
compadre - name used by child's father and godfather
compartamiento - compartment
complacencia - complacency
complementario - complementary
complemento - complement 
completo - complete 
complexion - complexion; nature
composicion - composition
compromiso - compromise; commitment; appointment
comunicacion - communication
comunicado - communique
comunidad - community
comunismo - communism 
consejal - councilman; alderman
consejo - city council
concepcion - conception
concepto - concept; idea; opinion
concesion - concession; grant
concesionario - concessionaire; grantee
conciencia - conscience 
concierto - concert
concilio - council
conclusion - conclusion; inference
concordia - concord; harmony
concreto - concrete; real
conde - count
condicion - condition; quality
condicional - conditional
condolencia - condolence
conductor - conductor
conectivo - connective
conejo - rabbit
conexion - connection
confeccion - confection
conferencia - conference
confesion - confession
confesionario - confessional
confesor - confessor
confeti - confetti
confianza - confidence
confidencia - confidence
confidente - confidant
conforme - conformable; compliant
conformidad - conformity
conformista - conformist
confort - comfort
confortable - comfortable; conforming
confrontacion - confrontation
congregacion - congregation
congresista - member of Congress
congreso - congress; assembly
conquista - conquest
consejo - council
consenso - consensus
consentido - pampered; spoiled
consitimiento - consent
conserva - conserve
conservacion - conservation
conservador - conservative
conservatorio - conservatory
considerable - considerable
consorte - consort
constancia - constancy; certainty
constante - constant; firm
constipado - constipated
constitucion - constitution
construccion - construction
constructivo - constructive
consuelo - consolation; relief
consul - consul
consulado - consulate
consulta - consult
consultacion - consultation
consumado - consumate
contador - counter; meter
contencion - contention
contento - glad; pleased
continencia - continence
continuacion - continuation
continuidad - continuity
contra - against
contrabando - contraband
contradiccion - contradiction
contrario - contrary
contrata - contract
contratista - contractor
control - control
convencion - convention
convento - convent
conveniencia - convenience
controversia - controversy
conveniencia - convenience
conveniente - convenient
convento - convent
conviccion - conviction
convoy - convoy
copa - goblet; cop
copo - coup; sweep
copra - copra
coral - coral
corazon - heart; affection
corbata - bow tie
cordero - lamp
cordon - cordon
coreografia - chorography
cornea - cornea
corneta - cornet
coro - chorus
corona - crown
coronel - colonel
corporacion - corporation
correa - strap; belt
correccion - correction
correo - mail
correspondencia - correspondence
corriente - current
corte - court; yard
cortesia - courtesy
cortina - curtain
corto - short
costumbre - custom
cota - coat of arm
coto - limit
credito - credit
credo - creed
crema - cream
cremacion - cremation
creyon - crayon
criminal - criminal
criminalista - criminalist
criminologia - criminology
cristal - crystal; glass
cristianismo - Christianity
cristiano - Christian
Cristo - Christ
critica - criticism
cruz - cross
cruzada - crusade
cuaderno - notebook
cuadra - quarter
cuadrado - square
cuadro - frame
cualidad - quality
cuarenta - forty
cuaresma - Lent
cuarta - one fourth
cuartel - barracks
cuatro - four
cuatrocientos - four hundred
cuba - cask; vat; tippler
cuchara - spoon
cucharon - ladle
cuchilla - cleaver
cuchillo - knife
cuello - neck; collar
cuenta - count; bill; account
cuentista - storyteller
cuento - story
cuerda - cord
cueva - cave
culinario - culinary 
culpa - guilt; fault
culto - worship
cultura - culture
cumpleanos - birthday
curioso - curious
curso - course
curva - curve; bend
custodia - custody
custodio - custodian
cutis - skin; complexion

Ch, ch (tse) - The fourth letter of the Spanish alphabet

chaleco - vest
chalet - chalet
chambra - a woman's jacket
champu - shampoo
chapa - metal plate
chasis - chassis
chauvinismo - chauvinism
cheque - check; bank draft
chile - chili; red pepper
china - porcelain; chinaware
chinela - slipper
chino - Chinese
chiquito - small; tiny; little boy
chisme - gossip
chiste - joke
chocolate - chocolate
choque - collision
chorizo - sausage
chupon - sucker


D, d (de) 5th letter of the Spanish alphabet

dalia - dahlia
dama - checkers
dano - damage 
debate - debate; discussion
debito - debit
decada - decade 
decalogo - decalogue
decano - dean
decena - a quantity of ten
decision - decision
decoracion - decoration
decoro - decorum
dedal - thimble
deductivo - deductive
defecto - defect
defensa - defense
deficit - deficit
definido - definite
deforme - deformed
delantera - front; forefront
delegacion - delegation
delfin - dolphin
delgado - delicate
delicadeza - refinement; delicacy
delicado - delicate
delicia - delight
delirio - delirium 
demanda - demand; lawsuit
democracia - democracy
demografia - demography 
demonio - demon
dentista - dentist
denuncia - denunciation
departamento - department
dependencia - dependency
dependiente - dependent
depositaria - depository
deposito - deposit
derecha - right
derecho - straight; direct
dermatologia - dermatology
desastre - disaster
descarga - discharge; unloading
descargo - exoneration; acquittal
descarte - discard; evasion
desgracia - disgrace; mishap
desierto - desert; wilderness
despacho - dispatch
destino - destiny; assignment; post
detector - detector
detencion - detention
determinado - determined
detrimento - detriment
devocion - devotion
devoto - devout
diabetico - diabetic
diabetes - diabetes
diablo - devil
diagnosis - diagnosis
diagonal - diagonal
diagrama - diagram
dialogo - dialogue
diamante - diamond
diametro - diameter
diario - journal; daily newspaper
diarrea - diarrhea
dibujo - design; pattern
diccion - diction
diccionario - dictionary
diciembre - December
dictador - dictator
diferncia - difference
diferencial - differential
dignatario - dignitary
dignidad - dignity
dilema - dilemma
deligencia - diligence
diluvio - deluge
dimension - dimension
dimitir - to resign
dinamita - dynamite
dinamo - dynamo
dinero - money
diocesis - diocese
dios - God
diosa - goddess
diploma - diploma
diplomatico - diplomatic
direccion - direction
directiva - directive; board of directors
directivo - directive; directing
directo - direct; straight
director - director
directorio - directorate; directory
disciplina - discipline
disciplinado - discipline
disciplinario - disciplinary
discipulo - disciple
discrecion - discretion
discrepancia - discrepancy
discreto - discreet
discurso - discourse; speech
discusion - discussion
disenteria - dysentery
dispensario - dispensary
disposicion - disposition
distancia - distance
distrito - district
diversion - diversion; amusement
dividendo - dividend
divinidad - divinity 
division - division
divorcio - divorce
doblado - two-faced
doble - double 
doce - twelve
docena - dozen
doctor - doctor
doctrina - doctrina
documento - document
dogma - dogma
dominante - dominant
domingo - Sunday
dominacano - Dominican
domino - domino
doncella - maiden; maidenhood
dormitorio - dormitory
dos - two
doscientos - two hundred
dosis - dosage
draga - dredge
dragon - dragon 
drama - drama
drastico - drastic
duda - doubt
dudoso - doubtful
duelo - duel
duende - elf
dueto - duo; duet
dulce - sweet
duque - duke

E, e (e) 6th letter of the Spanish alphabet

eclesiastico - ecclesiastical; priest
eclipse - eclipse
ecologia - ecology 
economia - economy
economico - economical
ecuador - equator
ecumenico - ecumenical
eczema - eczema 
edad - of age
eden - Eden; paradise
edicion - edition
edificio - edifice; building
editor - editor
educacion - education; training
efectivo - effective
efecto - effective
eficiente - efficient
egoismo - egoism
egotismo - egotism
eje - axle; axis
ejercicio - exercise
elastico - elastic
eleccion - election
elector - elector
electricidad - electricity
electricista - electrician
electron - electron
elefante - elephant 
elegante - elegant
elemento - element
elixir - elixir
embajada - embassy
embargo - embargo; seizure
embudo - funnel 
embutido - salami; sausage
emergencia - emergency
emigracion - emigration 
eminencia - eminence
eminente - eminent
emisario - emissary
empacho - bellyful
empanada - meat pie
empaque - packing
empate - tie; tie score
emperador - emperor
emperatriz - empress
empezar - to begin; commence
empleado - employee
empleo - employment
emporio - emporium
empresario - entrepreneur; impresario
emulsion - emulsion 
encanto - enchantment
encargado - person in charge
encargo - charge; trust
enciclopedia - encyclopedia
encomienda - estate granted by Spanish kings
encuentro - encounter
encuesta - inquest; survey
enchilada - enchilada
energia - energy
enero - January
enfasis - emphasis
enfermedad - sickness; illness
enfermo - sick; ill
enfisema - emphysema
engano - fraud; deceit
ensalada - salad; medley
ensayo - practice
ensenada - inlet; cove
ensueno - dream; fantasy
entendido - well-informed
entero - entire; whole
entierro - burial; grave; tomb
entrada - entrance
entrega - delivery; conveyance
entresuelo - mezzanine
epilepsia - epilepsy
epilogo - epilogue; recapitulation 
episcopal - Episcopal
epistola - epistle 
ermita - hermitage
erotico - erotic
escabeche - pickled food of any kind
escaler - to climb
escalera - stairs; ladder
escalon - step (of a stair)
escandalo - scandal
escandaloso - scandalous
escaparate - glass cabinet
escena - scene
escolar - scholastic
escribiente - clerk
escuadra - squad; fleet
escuela - school
espada - sword
espatula - spatula
especial - special
especialidad - specialty
especialista - specialist
esperanza - hope
espia - spy
espiritu - spirit
esponja - sponge
esposa - wife; spouse
esposo - husband; spouse
estable - stable
estacion - station
estado - state; condition
estafa - swindle; fraud
estancia - stanza
estante - book case
estatua - statue
estela - trail; wake
estereo - stereo
estero - inlet; creek
estigma - stigma
estilo - style; class
estima - esteem; respect
estimacion - appraisal; regard
estrella - star
estudiante - student
estudio - studio
estudioso - studious
estupido - stupid
etica - ethics
etiqueta - etiquette
etnico - ethnic
evangelico - evangelical
evangelio - gospel
evidencia - evidence
evolucion - evolution
exacto - exact
exaltado - excitable
excelencia - excellence
excelente - excellent
excursion - excursion; tour
exotico - exotic
expectacion - expectation
experiencia - experience
explotacion - exploitation
exterior - exterior
extra - extra; outside of
extremado - extreme
extremista - extremist


F, f ('e-fe) 7th letter of the Spanish alphabet 

fabrica - factory 
factoria - trading post
faja - girdle
falda - skirt
falsificar - falsification
falso - false
familia - family
familiar - familiar
fanatico - fanatic
fandango - fandango
fantasia - fantasy
fantastico - fantastic
farmacia - pharmacy
farol - lantern
farola - lighthouse
fatalidad - fate; destiny
fatalismo - fatalism
fauna - fauna
fausto - pomp; splendor
favor - favor
favorable - favorable
favorito - favorite
fe - faith
febrero - February
fecha - date
federal - federal
felicidad - happiness; congratulations
felon - felon; criminal
feminiedad - femiity 
feminismo - feminism
feria - fair
festejo - celebration
festival - festival
festivo - festive
fianza - bail
fiasco - fiasco
ficha - chip; token
fidelidad - fidelity
fiduciario - fiduciary
fiesta - festival
figura - figure; shape
fijo - fixed
fila - row; line
filamento - filament
filibustero - freebooter
filologia - philology
filosofia - philosophy
final - final; end
financiero - financier
finanzas - finances
fineza - fineness
finito - finite
fino - fine
firma - signature
firme - firm
fiscal - fiscal
fisica - physics
fisiologia - physiology 
flan - custard
flor - flower
flora - flora
floral - floral
florero - flower base
florista - florist
flotilla - flotilla
fluido - fluid
fluvial - fluvial
fobia - phobia
fogon - hearth; stove
fogonero - fireman
folio - folio
folleto - pamphlet
fonda - modest restaurant
fondo - fund
fonografo - phonograph
forma - form
formacion - formation
formal - formal
formalidad - formality
formula - formula
formulario - blank form
fortuna - fortune; chance
fraccion - fraction
friale - friar
frances - French; Frenchman
franela - flannel
franquesa - frankness
freno - brake
fresca - fresh air; cool
fresco - freshness; impudent; cool
friccion - friction
fritada - fritter
frito - fry
frontera - frontier
fruta - fruit
fuego - fire; light
fuente - fountain
fuera - out; without
fuerte - strong
fuerza - strength
fulano - so and so
funda - pillow slip
fundar - to found
fundicion - foundry; casting
fundidor - foundryman
funeraria - funeral parlor
funenario - funeral


G, g (xe) 8th letter of the Spanish alphabet

gabardina - gabardine
gabinete - cabinet
gala - gala; finery
galactico - galactic
galan - elegant; handsome
galante - gallant; attentive; courtly
galaxia - galaxy
galeon - galleon
galeria - gallery
gallardo - gallant 
galon - gallon
galleta - cracker; biscuit
gallina - hen; chicken
garaje - garage
garantia - guarantee
garbanzo - chick pea
gardenia - gardenia
garrapata - tick 
garrote - cudgel
garza - heron
gas - gas
gasa - gauze
gasolina - gasoline
gasolinera - gas station
gasometro - gas meter
gasto - expenditure
gastritis - gastritis
gema - gem
geneleogia - genealogy 
generacion - generation
general - general
generoso - generous
genuino - genuine
geofisica - geophysics 
geografia - geography
geologia - geology 
geometria - geometry
geranio - geranium
gerontologia - gerontology
ghetto - ghetto
gigante - giant
gigolo - gigolo
ginebra - gin
ginecologia - gynecology
gingivitis - gingivitis
gitano - Gypsy
glaucoma - glaucoma
globo - globe; balloon
gloria - glory
glorieta - small city park; traffic circle
glosario - glossary
gobernador - governor
gobernadora - lady governor
gobierno - government
golondrina - swallow
golpe - blow; bump
goma - gum; rubber
gondola - gondola
gonorrea - gonorrhea
gordo - far; stout
gorila - gorilla
gorro - cap
gracia - grace
grada - step
grado - degree; grade 
graduacion - graduation
graduado - graduated; graded
grafico - graphic
gramatica - grammatical
granada - grenade
granado - pomegranate
grande - great; large
grasa - grease
gratis - free
gratuito - free of charge; gratuitous
grave - grave 
grifo - faucet
gringo - foreigner esp. of USA
grupo - group
guano - guano
guardia - guard
guayaba - guava
guerra - war
guerrilla - guerrilla
guia - guide
guillotina - guillotine
guisado - stew
guisante - pea
guitarra - guitar


H, h ('a.tse) 9th letter of the Spanish alphabet

habilidad - ability; talent; skill
habito - habit
hacienda - estate; large ranch
halibut - halibut
harina - flour
helada - frost
helado - frozen
helicoptero - helicopter
helio - helium
heraldo - herald
heredero - heir
hermana - sister
hermanidad - brotherhood; fraternity
hermano - brother
hermoso - handsome
hernia - hernia
heroico - heroic
herpes - herpes
hidalgo - noble
hielo - ice
hierro - cast iron
hija - daughter
hijo - son
hipocrita - hypocrite
hipopotamo - hippopotamus
hispano - Hispanic; Spanish
historia - history
hombre - man
homilia - homily
honesto - honest
honor - honor
honorable - honorable
honorario - honorary
hora - on time
hormiga - ant
horno - oven
hostia - Host
hotel - hotel
huelga - labor strike
huevo - egg
humanidad - humanity


I, i (i) 10th letter of the Spanish alphabet

idea - idea
ideal - ideal
idealogia - idealogy
idioma - idiom
idiota - idiot
idolo - idol 
iglesia - church
ignorante - ignorant
ignoto - unknown
ilegal - illegal
ilegitimo - illegitimate
ilustrado - illustrated
imperativo - imperative
imperial - imperial
imperialismo - imperialism
imperdible - safety pin 
imperfecto - imperfect
imperio - empire 
implicacion - implication
importancia - importance
importante - important 
imposible - impossible
imposicion - imposition
impropio - improper
incentivo - incentive
incidente - incidental
incienso - incense
inclinado - inclined
incognito - unknown
inconveniencia - inconvenience
inconveniente - inconvenient
indecente - indecent
indefinido - indefinite
independencia - independence
independiente - independent
indicado - indicated
indicativo - indicative
indigestion - indigestion
indio - Indian
indirecta - innuendo; hint
indirecto - indirect
indiciplina - lack of discipline
indisciplinado - undisciplined
indispensable - indispensable
indolente - indolent
industria - industry
infamia - infamy
infeccion - infection
inferior - inferior
infierno - hell; inferno
infinito - infinite
inflamacion - inflammation
influencia - influence
influenza - influenza
informacion - information
informal - informal
informativo - informative
infrastractura - infrastructure
ingeniera - engineering
ingeniero - engineer
ingles - English
inmoral - immoral
inmortal - immortal
inocente - innocent
inodoro - toilet
insecto - insect
insignia - insignia
inspeccion - inspection 
instancia - instance
instante - instant
insuficiente - insufficient
insular - insular
insulina - insulin
insurreccion - insurrection
insurrecto - insurgent
integridad - integrity
intelectual - intellectual
inteligencia - intelligence
intemperante - intemperate
intencion - intention
intento - intent
interaccion - interaction
interes - interest
interasado - interested
interasante - interesting
interior - interior
intermedio - intermediate
intermision - intermission
internacional - international
internista - intern
interprete - interpreter 
intriga - intrigue
introduccion - introduction
inutil - useless
invalido - invalid
invencible - invincible
invencion - invention
inventario - inventory
invento - invention
inventor - inventor 
investigacion - investigation
investigador - investigator
invitacion - invitation
invitado - invited
isla - island
italiano - Italian

J, j ('xo.ta) 11th letter of the Spanish alphabet

jabon (xa'bon) - soap 
jabonera - soap dish 
jamon - ham
japones - Japanese
jarana - revel; carousal
jardin - garden
jaula - cage
jasmin - jasmine 
jefe - chief
Jesucristo - Jesus Christ
jinete - horseman 
joven - young
julio - July
junio - June
junta - junta; assembly
jurado - jury; juror
jurisdiccion - jurisdiction
jurisprudencia - jurisprudence
justicia - justice
justo - just; correct; exact
juzgado - court of justice


K, K (ka) the 12th letter of the Spanish alphabet

kaki - khaki
kapok - kapok 
kerosina - kerosene 
kilo - kilogram
kilogramo - kilogram
kilolitro - kiloliter
kilometraje - distance in kilometers
kilometrico - kilometric; lengthty
kilometro - kilometer
kimono - kimono
kindergarten - kindergarten
kiosko - kiosk 
kiwi - kiwi
koala - koala
kopek - kopeck
Kremlin - Kremlin

L, l (e'le) 13th letter of the Spanish alphabet

labrador - farmhand; peasant
ladera - slope; hillside
ladron - thief
laguna - lagoon
lampa - shovel
lampara - lamp
lana - woolly; fleecy
lancero - lancer
lanceta - lancet; surgical knife
lancha - launch; boat
lanolina - lanolin 
lanza - lance; spear
lapida - tombstone
lapiz - pencil
largo - long; generous
laringe - larynx
larva - larva
lata - tin; tin plate; tin can 
latigo - whip; lash
latin - Latin
laureado - laureate
laurel - laurel; honor; distinction
lauro - honor; glory
lava - lava
lavabo - washstand; lavatory
lavadero - washing place
lavadora - washing machine
lavativa - enema; syringe
lavatorio - washbowl
lazaro - beggar; leper
lazo - bow; loop
lealtad - loyalty
lector - reader; lecturer
lectura - reading
leche - milk
lechon - suckling pig
lechuga - lettuce
legacion - legation
legado - legate; legacy
legal - legal
legitimo - legitimate
legua - league
legumbre - legume; vegetable
lejano - distant; remote
lejia - lye
lengua - language; tongue
lenguaje - language; speech
lente - lens
leon - lion
leopardo - leopard
lesbiano - lesbian; homosexual woman
letal - lethal
letania - litany
letra - letter
letrina - latrine
ley - rule; legal standard
liberacion - liberation
liberal - liberal
libertad - liberty; freedom
libido - libido
libra - pound
librado - drawee
librador - deliverer
libranza - money order
libre - free; available
libreria - bookstore; bookcase
libreta - notebook
libro - book
licencia - license
licenciado - person licensed in a profession 
liceo - lyceum; high school
liga - league; alliance
ligamento - ligament
lija - sandpaper
lila - lilac
lima - lime
limbo - limbo
limon - lemon
limosna - alms
limpieza - cleaning; cleanliness
limpio - clean; neat
linea - line
linguista - linguistic
liquidacion - liquidation
liquido - liquid
lira - lira
lirico - lyric
lirio - lily
liso - simple; plain
lista - list; roll
listo - ready; prompt
liston - lath
leterario - literary
literatura - literature
litografia - lithography 
litro - litter
liturgia - liturgy
loco - insane; mad
locomocion - locomotion
logaritimo - logarithm
logia - lodge
logica - logic
longaniza - a kind of sausage 
loro - parrot
lote - lot; plot of land
loteria - lottery
lozano - vigorous; healthy
lucero - brightness
luego - soon
lugar - place
luminaria - luminary; light
luminoso - luminous
luna - moon
luneta - eyeglass; lens
luz - light


Ll, ll (e.ye) (e.je) 14th letter of the Spanish alphabet

llaga - sore; ulcer
llano - plain
llave - key; wrench

M, m (e.me) 15th letter of the Spanish alphabet

machete - machete
machina - machine; crane; derrick
macho - masculine
madera - wood; lumber
madero - beam; timber
madrasta - stepmother
madre - mother
madrina - godmother; maid of honor
maestra - teacher
maestro - teacher; master
magnesia - magnesia
magnesio - magnesium
magnetisimo - magnetism
magneto - magnet
magnifico - magnificent
magno - great
magnolia - magnolia
maiz - corn
malaria - malaria
malayo - Malay
maldito - damned
maleta - suitcase
malicia - malice
malicioso - malicious 
maligno - malignant
malo - bad; evil
mama - mother
mambo - mambo
mamografia - mammography
mamola - chuck
mana - manna
mancilla - blemish; stain
mancha - spot; soiled
mandar - to command
mandarin - mandarin
mando - command; authority
mandolina - mandolin
manejo - handling; driving
manera - manner 
manga - sleeve
mani - peanut
mania - mania; whim; caprice
manifesto - manifesto
maniobra - maneuver
manivela - handle; crank
mano - hand
manta - mantle; blanket
manteca - lard
mantel - tablecloth
mantequilla - butter
manual - manual; handbook
manufactura - manufacture
manzana - apple
manzanilla - camomile
manana - morrow; future; morning
mapa - map
maquina - machine
maquinaria - machinery
maquinista - engineer; machinist
marco - mark
marcha - march
marfil - ivory
margarina - margarine
margarita - marguerite; daisy; pearl
marimba - marimba
marina - shore; coast 
marineria - seamanship
marinero - sailor
marino - sailor; seaman
mariposa - butterfly
mariquita - ladybug; sissy
marmol - marble
marmoleria - marblework
martes - Tuesday
martillo - hammer
martin - kingfisher
martinete - drop hammer
martini - martini
marzo - March
mas - more; most; longer
masa - populace; dough
masaje - massage
mascara - mask
masilla - putty
mason - Mason
matadero - slaughterhouse
matador - killer
matematicas - mathematics
materia - matter
material - material
materialismo - materialism
maternal - maternal
maternidad - maternity 
matine - matinee
maton - bully
matriarca - matriarch
matricula - enrollment
matrimonio - matrimony
matrona - matron; midwife
maximo - maximum
mayo - May
mayonesa - mayonnaise
mayor - greater; larger
mayordomo - steward; manservant
mayoria - majority
mayoridad - legal age; majority
mazo - mallet
mecanica - mechanics 
medalla - medal
media - mean; by halves
mediacion - mediation
mediana - median
mediania - mediocrity
mediano - medium; average
medianoche - midnight
medicina - medicine 
medico - physician
medida - measurement
medio - half; middle; medium
mejor - better
mejora - improvement 
mejoria - improvement
melado - honey-colored
melodia - melody
melon - melon
memorable - memorable
memorandum - memorandum
memoria - memory
memorial - memorial
meningitis - meningitis 
menor - smaller; minor
menos - less
mensaje - message
menta - mint
mentado - noted; famous
mente - mind
mentol - menthol
mentor - mentor
menu - menu
menudo - tripe and hominy stew
mercader - merchant
mercado - market
mercancia - merchandise
mercantil - mercantile
merced - mercy; grace
mercenario - mercenary
mercurio - mercury
merengue - meringue
merienda - snack
mes - month
mesa - table; desk
mestizo - mestizo
metabolismo - metabolism
metafora - metaphor
metal - metal
metalurgia - metallurgy
metamorfosis - metamorphosis
metano - methane
metanol - methanol
metaplasma - metaplasm
metodista - Methodist
metraje - length
metrica - metrics
metrico - metrical
metro - meter
metropoli - metropolis
mia - my; mine
microfono - microphone 
miembro - member
mil - thousand
milagro - miracle
milenio - millenium
milicia -militia
miligramo - milligram
militante - militant
militar - military
millon - million
millonario - millionaire
mimeografia - mimeograph
mimosa - mimosa
mina - mine
mineral - mineral
mineria - mining
minero - miner 
miniatura - minature
minimo - least
minesterial - minesterial
minesterio - ministry
ministro - minister
minoria - minority
minucia - detail
minuta - bill of fare; note
minuto - minute
mio - my; mine
miopia - myopia
mira - aim
mirada - glance
mirasol - sunflower
miriada - myriad
miron - bystander
mirra - myrrh
misa - mass
miserable - miserable
miseria - misery
misericordia - pity; merciful
mision - mission
misionario - delegate; envoy
misionero - missionary
mismo - same; self
misterio - mystery 
mistica - mystique
mistico - mystical
moca - mocha
mocasin - moccasin
moda - fashion
modelo - model
moderno - modernism
modista - dressmaker
modo - mode; manner
molar - molar 
molestia - molestation
molino - mill
momento - moment
monasterio - monastery
moneda - money; legal tender
mongol - Down's syndrome
monografia - monograph
monograma - monogram
monologo - monologue
monte - monte (card game)
monumento - monument
monzon - monsoon
morado - purple
moral - moral
moralidad - morality
morena - moraine; brunette
moreno - brown
morfina - morphine
morgue - morgue
moro - Moor
mortal - mortal
mortalidad - mortality
mosquete - musket
mosquito - mosquito
mostacho - mustache
motel - motel
motivo - motive
motor - motor
motorista - motorist
movilidad - mobility
muchacha - girl; maid
muchacho - boy
mucho - much
mueble - piece of furniture
muebleria - furniture dealer
muerte - death
multa - penalty
mundo - world
municipal - municipal
municipio - town hall; municipality
musa - Muse
musica - music
museo - museum
musico - musical; musician


N, n (e.ne) 16th letter of the Spanish alphabet

nacion - nation 
nacionalismo - nationalism
nacionalizacion - nationalization; naturalization
nada - nothing
naftalina - naphthalene
nana - nanny; nurse
naranja - orange
narcisismo - narcissism
narciso - narcissus; daffodil
narcotico - narcotic
nata - cream
natividad - nativity 
natural - natural
naturaleza - nature
naturalidad - naturalness; ease
naturalismo - naturalism; naturalistic
nausea - nausea
naval - naval
Navidad - Christmas; Nativity
Necesario - necessary
necesidad - necessity
necrologia - obituary
negativa - negative; denial
negativo - negativity
negociador - negotiator
negocio - business; transaction
negro - black
neon - neon
nepotismo - nepotism
nervioso - nervous
neto - net; clear
neumonia - pneumonia
neurologia - neurology
neutral - neutral
neutralidad - neutrality 
ni - neither 
nicotina - nicotine
nicho - niche
nido - nest
ninfa - nymph
ninfomania - nymphomania
nina - girl
nirvana - nirvana
nitrogeno - nitrogene
nivelado - level; even
no - no; not
noble - noble
nocturno - nocturnal
noche - night; evening
nomada - nomadic
nombre - name
nimenclatura - nomenclature
norma - norm; rule
normal - normal
normando - Norman
norte - north
nostalgia - nostalgia
nota - note
notacion - notation
notaria - notary public's office
notario - notary
noticia - news; information
novela - novel
novelista - novelist
novena - novena
noveno - ninth
noventa - ninety
novia - fiancee; sweetheart
noviembre - November
novio - fiance ; boyfriend
nueve - nine
nuevo - new
numeral - numeral
numero - number
nunca - never
nutricion - nutrition


O, o (o) the 18th letter of the Spanish alphabet

obediente - obedient
obertura - overture
obispo - bishop
obituario - obituary
obligacion - obligation
obra - work
obrero - worker
obsceno - obscene
obsesion - obsession
obstaculo - obstacle
ocasion - occasion
oceanografia - oceanography
octagona - octagon
octano - octane
octubre - October
ocupacion - occupation
ocupante - occupant
ochenta - eighty
ocho - eight
odometro - odometer
ofensa - offense
ofensivo - offensive
ofertorio - offertory
oficial - official; officer
oficina - office
oficio - craft; trade; office
optalmologia - ophthalmology
oliva - olive
once - eleven
opera - opera
operacion - operation
opereta - operetta
opinion - opinion
opio - opium
oposicion - opposition
optica - optical shop
optimo - optimum
optometria - optometry
oracion - oration; prayer
oraculo - oracle
oratoria - oratory
orden - order
ordenanza - ordinance; bylaw
ordinario - ordinary
oregano - oregano
organismo - organism
organista - organist
organizador - organizer
organo - organ
orgasmo - orgasm
oriental - eastern; Oriental
oriente - east; Orient 
original - original
ornamento - ornament
oro - gold
orquesta - orchestra 
ortodoxo - orthodox
ortografia - orthography; spelling
ortopedia - orthopedics
osteopatia - osteopathy
ostracismo - ostracism 
ovario - ovary


P, p (pe) the 19th letter of the Spanish alphabet

paciente - patient
pacifico - pacific
pacifismo - pacifism
pacto - pact; covenant
padilla - small prying pan
padrastro - stepfather
padre - father; priest
padrino - godfather 
pagador - paymaster
pagano - pagan
pagina - page
pago - payment
pagoda - pagoda
pala - shovel
palabra - word
palacio - palace
palanca - lever; influence
palangana - washbowl
palenque - hitching post
paleta - palette
palma - palm leaf
palmera - palm tree
palmo - span of the hand 
palo - stick
paloma - pigeon
pan - bread; cake
panadero - baker
pancreas - pancreas
panfilo - sad sack
panico - panic
panorama - panorama
pantalon - trousers
pantera - panther
papa - Pope
papagayo - parrot
papaya - papaya
papel - paper
papeleo - paperwork
papeleta - card; ticket
paquete - packet
para - for
parada - stop; halt; parade
parafina - paraffin
paraiso - paradise
paralisis - paralysis
parasito - parasite
parasol - parasol
parcela - parcel of land
pareja - pair; partner
parejo - even; equal
parlamentario - parliamentary
parlamento - parliament
parrilla - grill
parroquia - parish
parroquiano - customer
parte - part
particion - partition
paricipacion - participation
participante - participant
participio - participle
particular - particular; private
partida - certificate (of birth; of marriage)
partido - party
pasa - raisin
pasada - passage
pasado - past
pasaje - fare
pasajero - passenger
pasamano - handrail
pasaporte - passport
pascua - Christmas
pascual - paschal
pase - pass; permit
paseo - walk; drive; ride
pasillo - corridor
pasion - passion
pasmado - stunned; amazed
pasta - paste; dough
pastel - pie; pastry
pasteleria - pastry shop
pastilla - pastille; lozenge
pastor - clergyman; shepherd
pata - leg or paw of an animal
patente - patent
paternidad - paternity
paterno - paternal
patetico - pathetic
patilla - sideburn
patio - patio; courtyard
pato - duck
patologia - pathology
patria - fatherland
patricio - patrician
patrimonio - patrimony
patriota - patriotic
patron - patron; sponsor
pavo - turkey
pavon - peacock 
payaso - clown
paz - peace
pedal - pedal; treadle
pedazo - piece
pedestal - pedestal
pedido - demand; request
pelicano - pelican
pelicula - film
peligro - danger
peluca - wig
penal - penal; prison
pendejo - fool; coward
penicilina - penicillin
peninsula - peninsula
penitencia - penitence
pentienciara - penitenciary
penitente - penitent
pension - pension
pensionado - pensioner
peon - laborer; peon
pepino - cucumber
pepita - pip; seed; nugget
pequeno - small
pera - pear
percepcion - perception
perdida - loss
perdido - mislaid
peregrino - extraordinary
perfecto - perfect
perfidia - perfidy
perforacion - perforation
perico - parakeet
perla - pearl
permiso - permission
pero - but; except
perpetua - everlasting
persona - person
personal - personal
personalidad - personality
personero - agent
pescado - edible fish taken from the water
pescador - fisherman
peseta - quarter
pesimismo - pessimism
peso - monetary unit of Spain, Philippines
peste - pest 
petaca - case; bag
peticion - petition
petunia - petunia
pianista - pianist
piano - piano
pico - pick
pichon - squab
pie - foot
piedad - piety
piloto - pilot
pillo - roguish; shrewd
pimienta - pepper
pimiento - pimento; red pepper
pino - pine
pinta - pint; spot; mark
pintado - colored
pintor - painter
pintura - paint
pina - pineapple
pinata - pot filled with goodies
pio - pious
pipa - smoking pipe
pipi - urine; to urinate
pirata - pirate
piso - floor; story
pison - rammer
pistacho - pistachio
pistola - pistol
piston - piston
pito - whistle
pizarra - blackboard 
placa - plaque
placenta - placenta
placido - placid
pluma - writing pen
pluralidad - plurality
poblacion - city; town
pobre - poor
pobreza - poverty
pocion - potion
poder - power
podio - podium
poema - poem
poesia - poetry
poeta - poet
policia - police
poligamo - polygamous
polilla - moth
polista - polo player
politica - politics
politico - politician
poliza - insurance policy
polo - polo
polvera - powder box; compact
polvo - powder
polvora - gunpowder
pomada - pomade
pomelo - grapefruit
poncho - poncho
ponderoso - ponderous
pontificado - pontificate
popular - popular
poquito - very little
porcelana - porcelain
pornografia - pornography
portamonedas - pocketbook
portaplumas - penholder
precaucion - precaution
precendencia - precedence
precio - price
precioso - precious
precicion - precision; necessity
preciso - precise; necessary
prediccion - prediction
prefacio - preface
prefecto - prefect
preferencia - preference
pregunta - question
prehistoria - prehistory
premio - reward; prize
prenda - pledge; security
preparacion - preparation
preposicion - preposition
presencia - presence
presentable - presentable
presentacion - presentation
presente - present
presidencia - presidency
presidente - president
presion - pressure 
preso - prisoner
prestigio - prestige
presto - quick; prompt
pretension - pretension
prevencion - prevention
primera - first gear
primero - first
primitivo - primitive
primo - prime; cousin
princesa - princess
principal - principal; main
principe - prince
principio - principle 
prioridad - priority
privada - privy
privado - private
privilegio - privilege
probacion - probation
probado - tried; proven
probidad - probity
problema - problem
procesion - procession
proceso - process
produccion - production
productivo - productive
producto - product
profanidad - profanity
profecia - prophecy
profesion - profession
profesor - professor; teacher
profeta - prophet
proficiente - proficient
profilaxis - prophylaxis
profundo - profound
prognosis - prognosis
programa - program
progresivo - progressive 
progreso - progress
prologo - prologue
promisorio - promissory 
promocion - promotion
promotor - promoter
pronto - quick
pronunciacion - pronunciation
propagacion - propagation
propaganda - propaganda
propano - propane
propiedad - property
propietario - landlord; owner
proposicion - proposition 
prorrata - in proportion
prosecucion - prosecution
prospecto - prospect
prospero - prosperous
proteccion - protection
protesta - protest; protestation
protestante - Protestant
protesto - protest 
proverbio - proverb
providencia - providence
providente - provident
provincia - province
provinciano - provincial
proyecto - project
prudencia - prudence
prudente - prudent
prueba - proof
publicano - publican
publicidad - publicity
publicista - publicist
publico - public
pueblo - small town; people
puente - bridge
puerta - door; gate
puerto - port 
puesto - post; station
pulga - flea
pulmon - lung
pulmonia - pneumonia 
pulpito - pulpit
pulsera - bracelet
pulso - pulse
punta - point; tip
puntaje - score; points
punteria - aim; marksmanship
puntero - pointer 
punto - point; dot
punal - dagger
pureza - purity
purgatorio - purgatory 
puro - pure; sheer
puta - whore


Q, q (ku) 20th letter of the Spanish alphabet

querida - darling; dear; mistress
querido - dear; beloved; lover
queso - cheese
quince - fifteen 
quincena - biweekly; fortnightly
quinta - fifth
quorum - quorum


R, r ('e.rre; 'e.re) 21st letter of the Spanish alphabet

racion - ration
racional - rational
radiacion - radiation
radiactivo - radioactive
radical - radical
radio - radio
radiografia - radiography
radiograma - radiogram
radiologia - radiology
rampa - ramp
rancheria - small settlement
ranchero - rancher
rancho - ranch
rango - rank
rapido - quick; rapid
raqueta - racket
razon - reason 
razonable - reasonable 
reaccion - reaction
real - real; royal; kingly
realidad - reality
realismo - realism
realista - realist
rebelde - rebellious; rebel
rebelion - rebellion; revolt
receta - presciption
recibo - receipt
reclamacion - reclamation; demand
reclamo - complaint
recoleccion - harvest; collection
recoleto - secluded 
recomendacion - recommendation
recta - straight line
redentor - redeemer
redoblado - redoubled
redonda - surrounding 
redondo - round; full circle
referencia - reference
referendum - referendum 
reflector - reflector
reflexion - reflection
reforma - reform
reformacion - reformacion 
reformista - reformista
refresco - refreshment
refrigerador - refrigerator
regalado - exquisite; delicate; pleasant
regalo - present; gift
regata - regatta 
regente - regent
regidor - councilman
reglamento - regulation; rule 
regulacion - regulation
regular - regular
reino - reign; kingdom
reja - grille
relacion - relation
relevo - relief
religion - religion
religioso - religious 
reloj - clock; watch
relojeria - watchmaker's shop
relojero - watchmaker; clockmaker 
relleno - stuffed; satiated; full
remate - auction; end
remedio - remedy
renovacion - renovation
renta - rental
reparacion - reparation
repaso - review
repollo - cabbage
representante - representative
reprimenda - reprimand
republica - republic
requisa - tour of inspection
requisicion - requisition
requisito - requisite
reserva - reserve
reservacion - reservation
reservado - reserved; private
residencia - residence
resistencia - resistence
resolucion - resolution
respectivo - respective
respecto - respect
respetable - respectable 
respiracion - respiration; breathing
respirador - respiratory 
responsible - responsible
responsivo - responsive
restaurante - restaurant
resulta - result
resurreccion - resurrection
retazo - remnant
retina - retina
retirado - retired
retiro - retirement
reto - challenge
retoque - retouching
retraso - delay; slowness
retrato - portrait
retroactivo - retroactive
reuma - rheumatism
reunion - reunion
reverencia - reverence
revision - revision; inspection
revista - review
revolucion - revolution
revolver - revolver
revuelta - turn; return
rey - king
rico - rich; wealthy
rifa - raffle
rima - rhyme 
rio - river
rival - rival
rodeo - rodeo; corral
rojo - red
rollo - roll
romano - Roman
romantico - romantic 
romanza - romance
ronda - round; circuit; watch
rondalla - tale; carousing
rosa - rose
rosal - rosebush
rosario - rosary
rota - rout
rotacion - rotation
rotonda - rotunda
rotor - rotor
rubi - ruby
rubio - blond; fair
rueda - wheel
ruleta - roulette
rumba - rumba; spree
rupia - rupee
ruta - route

S, s ('e.se) 22nd letter of the Spanish alphabet

Sabado - Saturday
sable - saber
sabotaje - sabotage
saca - extraction
sacerdote - priesthood
saco - sack; bag
sacramento - sacrament
sacrificio - sacrifice
sacrilegio - sacrilegious
sacristan - sacritan; vestry
sadismo - sadism
sala - living room 
salado - salt; salty; graceful
salida - a going or coming out
salmon - salmon
salon - salon; parlor
salud - health
saludo - salute; greeting
salutacion - salutation
salvacion - salvation
salvador - savior
salvage - wild; savage
salvavidas - life preserver
salve - hail
sanatario - sanitarium 
sandalia - sandal
sangre - blood
sanidad - sanitation; public health
sanitario - sanitary
santa - saint
santisimo - most holy
santo - saint; holy
santuario - santuary; shrine 
sarcasmo - sarcasm
sardina - sardine
sargento - sergeant
sarmiento - shoot or branch of a grapevine
sastre - tailor
sastreria - tailor shop
saya - skirt
sazon - maturity 
sebo - fat
seccion - section
secretaria - secretariat
secretario - secretary
secreto - secret
secta - sect
secuencia - sequency 
secular - secular
sedan - sedan
sedentario - sedentary
segmento - segment
segregacion - segregation
seguida - at once
seguido - straight; at once
segunda - second
segundario - secondary
segundero - second hand
segundo - second
seguridad - security; safety
seis - six
seleccion - selection
selecto - select
semana - week 
semestre - semester
seminario - seminary
senado - senate
senda - path; trail
sensitivo - sensitive
sentencia - sentence
sentido - sense; consciousness
sentimental - sentimental
sentimiento - sentiment
sena - sign; mark
senal - signal
senor - mister; sir; lord; master; gentleman
senora - mistress; madam; lady
senorita - miss; young lady
senorito - young master; young gentleman
septeno - seventh
septico - septic
septiembre - September
septimo - seventh
sepultura - grave; burial
serenata - serenade
sereno - night watchman
sesenta - sixty
sesion - session
setenta - seventy
siempre - always; ever
sierra - mountain range
siesta - siesta
siete - seven
siglo - century
signatario - signatory
signatura - sign; mark; signature
significado - significant; important
silencio - silence
silvestre - wild; uncultivated
silla - chair
simbolo - symbol
simpatia - sympathy
simpatico - pleasant; congenial
simple - plain; simple 
simpleza - simpleness
simplicidad - simplicity
sincero - sincere
sinfonia - symphony
sinverguenza - shameless
sirena - siren
sismologia - seismology
sistema - system
sitio - place; site
situacion - situation
soberbia - arrogance
soberbio - arrogant
sobra - excess; remainder
sobrado - redundant; superfluous
sobre - envelope
sobriedad - sobriety
sobrina - niece
social - social
socialismo - socialism 
sociedad - society
socio - partner; associate
sociologia - sociology
socorro - help; aid
sodomia - sodomy
sofa - sofa
soga - rope
sol - sun; sunlight
solamente - only; merely
solapa - lapel
solar - lot; plot of ground
solario - solarium
soldado - soldier
soldador - welder
soledad - solitude; loneliness
solera - crossbeam
solicitud - request; appeal
solidario - united
solido - solid
solista - soloist
solitario - solitary
solo - alone; single
solteria - bachelorhood; spinsterhood
soltero - bachelor
solucion - solution
solvente - solvent
sombrero - hat
sonata - sonata
sopa - soup
soplado - conceited
soprano - soprano
sorbete - sherbet
sotana - cassock
soto - grove
suave - soft; gentle
subastar - to auction
suburbio - suburb
sueldo - salary
suelo - floor
suero - serum
suerte - luck; fate
sulfuro - sulfide
sultan - sultan
suma - sum; addition
superintendente - superintendent
superior - superior; higher
superlativo - superlative
supervisor - overseer; contoller
suplemento - supplement
supositorio - suppository
supremo - supreme
suscripcion - subscription
suspension - suspension
sustancia - substance
sustantivo - substantive
sutil - subtle; delicate 

T, t (te) 23rd letter of the Spanish alphabet

tabaco - tobacco; cigar
taberna - tavern
tabernaculo - tavernacle
tabique - thinwall; partition
tabla - board; table
tablado - wooden platform
tablas - draw; tie
tableta - tablet
taburete - stool; taboret
tacon - heel of a shoe
tactica - tactic
taladro - drill
talento - talent
taller - workshop; factory
tamarindo - tamarind
tamborin - tambourine
tampon - tampon; stamp pad
tango - tango
tanque - tank; pool
tapete - table cover
tapioca - tapioca
taquilla - ticket office
tarifa - tariff
tarjeta - card; label
taro - taro
tarta - tart
tasador - appraiser
tata - dad
taxi - taxicab
taza - cup
teatro - theater
tecnica - technique
tecnologia - technology
telefono - telephone
telegrama - telegram
telemetro - telemetro; range finder
telescopio - telescope
television - television
telon - theater curtain
tema - theme
temperamento - temperament
temperancia - temperence
templado - moderate; tempered
templo - temple
temporal - temporal; transitory
tendero - storekeeper
tenedor - fork
tenis - tennis
teoria - theory
tercera - third
terminable - terminable
terminal - terminal
terminante - definite; final
termino - term; end
terminologia - terminology
termos - thermos bottle
terno - suit of clothes
terraza - terrace
terrible - terrible
territorio - territory
tesoro - treasure; treasury
testamento - testament
testigo - witness
testimonio - testimony
textura - texture
tia - aunt
tiempo - time
tienda - store; shop
tigre - tiger
tinajero - maker or seller of water jars
tinta - ink
tio - uncle
tiple - soprano singer
tipo - type; bearing
tirada - throw
tirador - slingshot
tirante - suspenders
tiro - throw; shot
tisis - tuberculosis
titulo - title
tiza - chalk
toalla - towel
tocador - dresser
tocayo - namesake
tocino - bacon; salt pork
todo - all
toga - toga
tonelada - ton
tono - tone; tune
tonto - foolish
topacio - topaz
tormenta - misfortune
tormento - torment
tornado - tornado
torneo - tournament
tornillo - screw; bolt
torno - lathe
toro - bull
torpe - stupid
torpedo - torpedo
torre - tower
tostado - toasted
total - total
tractor - tractor
trafico - traffic
traidor - traitor
traje - dress; gown
tranca - bolt; crossbar
transaccion - transaction
translacion - translation
transmision - transmission
transportacion - transportation
tranvia - streetcar; tramway
trato - treatment
trece - thirteen
trescientos - three hundred 
treinta - thirty
tren - train
tres - three
triangulo - triangle
tribu - tribe
trigo - wheat
trilogia - trilogy
trimestre - trimester
trio - tro
triple - triple
triplicado - triplicate
trofeo - trophy
trole - trolley
trombon - trombone
trompa - horn
trompeta - trumpet
trompo - spinning top 
trono - throne
tropa - troop
tropico - tropical
troza - log; timber
tuba - tuba
tuberculosis - tuberculosis
tuberia - tubing; plumbing
tubo - tube; pipe
tuerca - nut
tupe - toupee
turbina - turbine
turista - tourist
turron - nougat
tutor - tutor

U, u (u) 24th letter of the Spanish alphabet

ukulele - ukelele
ulcera - ulcera
ultimatum - ultimatum 
ultimo - ultimo
ultra - ultra; extreme
unico - unique
unidad - unity
unido - united
union - union 
unionismo - unionism 
unitario - unitary
universal - universal
universidad - university
urbanidad - urbanity
urbanismo - city planning
urbano - urban
urna - showcase 
urologia - urology
utilidad - utility
uva - grape

V, v (be) 25th letter of the Spanish alphabet

vacacion - vacation
vacancia - vacancy
vacante - vacant
vacio - empty
vacuna - vaccine
vagancia - vagrancy
vagon - railroad car 
vale - promissory note; voucher
vaquero - cowboy
vaselina - petroleum jelly
vaso - glass
veinte - twenty
velo - veil
velocidad - velocity
venda - bandage
vendetta - vendetta
venganza - vengeance
vengativo - vengeful
ventaja - advantage
ventana - window
ventanilla - small window
ventilador - ventilator; blower
ventura - luck; risk
veranda - veranda
verdad - truth
verde - green
verdugo - executioner 
verguenza - shame
version - version
verso - verse
vertical - vertical
vertigo - dizziness
vestido - dress; suit; clothing
veterano - veteran
veterinario - veterinary
via - way
viaje - journey; voyage
viajero - traveller; passenger
victima - victim
victoria - victory
vida - life
video - video
viejo - old
viernes - Friday
vigilia - vigil
villa - country house; villa
vino - wine
violeta - violet
violin - violin
virgen - virgin
virtud - virtue
virtuoso - virtuous
visita - visit; visitor
vispera - eve
vista - sight
visto - obvious
viuda - widow
viudo - widower
viva - cheer 
vivo - vivid; living
vizconde - viscount
vocabulario - vocabulary
vocal - vocal
voltaje - voltage
voluntario - voluntary 
voto - vote
vuelta - turn
vulgar - vulgar

Z, z ('se.ta) 28th letter of the Spanish alphabet

zacate - hay
zapiro - sapphire
zagala - girl; lass
zangano - loafer; good for nothing
zapateria - bootery
zapatero - shoe maker
zapato - shoe
zigzag - zigzag
zinia - zinnia
zona - zone
zoologia - zoology
zopo - crippled; deformed
zorro - fox 

NOTE: Hispanismos en Capampangan came from this Capampangan website which also has an extensive article about the Spanish influence on Pampango culture. There is another discussion of the Spanish influence on the Capampangan language, and the interesting Capampangan orthography or spelling with its heavy usage of "C" and "Qu" at this proud Capampangan website.

"Hispanismos in the Filipino Dialects" main web page